Scaling and root planing is a non-surgical procedure that removes plaque and calculus, or tartar, from below the gum line. Scaling and root planing is most often used to address early signs of gum disease.
It is a non-surgical procedure that involves removing bacterial deposits from teeth that are either infected or at high risk of becoming infected. It is done in one of two ways, depending on the severity of the infection and the patient’s medical history.
What is periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease occurs when a bacterial infection develops in your mouth. This infection affects the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. With time, the bacteria can cause your gums to recede and your teeth to loosen.
The bacteria can enter the gums through plaque, which hardens into tartar. Tartar is a yellow or brown substance that forms on the teeth. If tartar is not removed, the bacteria can continue to spread and cause further damage.
Gingivitis is the beginning stage of the disease. During the early stages, the disease makes your gums red, swollen, and bleed easily. If left untreated, gingivitis can develop into periodontitis, which can cause tooth loss.
How are scaling and root planing performed?
Scaling and root planing is a non-surgical procedure used to treat gum disease. This common treatment can reduce inflammation, remove plaque and tartar, and prevent bacteria from spreading. The treatment involves the removal of plaque and tartar from below the gum line, as well as smoothing the roots. It’s usually performed under local anesthesia, and patients can usually return to their daily routines the same day.
We use an ultrasonic scaling appliance to dislodge the tartar deposits, which will then be washed away using a jet of water that is combined with the ultrasonic device. The procedure itself shouldn’t cause any pain or discomfort. You may feel some sensitivity once the local anesthetic wears off, but this should go away on its own.
To find out more about the dental services offered at Bergeron Dental, call (907)-456-5600 or schedule an online consultation. You can also visit us at 3112 Airport Way, Suite 2, Fairbanks, AK.